Adobe DPI: Online Inflation Eased in April 2022
Adobe announced the latest online inflation and eCommerce data from the Adobe Digital Price Index (DPI), powered by Adobe Analytics.
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In April 2022, online prices increased 2.9% year-over-year (YoY)—down from the record 3.6% YoY increase in March—and decreased 0.5% month-over-month (MoM).
While this marks the 23rd consecutive month of YoY online inflation, April shows early signs of online price increases beginning to slow. Over half of the categories tracked by the Adobe DPI (10 of 18) saw MoM price decreases in April.
Adobe’s data follows a national trend in which the US government also reported that inflation slowed in April as well.
Prices for electronics were down 5.2% YoY (down 0.9% MoM), a record YoY low for the category over the last 12 months.
Prices for apparel increased 12.3% YoY, while decreasing 1.7% MoM; Although this is the highest YoY increase of any category, it is down from recent highs (February up 16.7% YoY and March up 16.3% YoY for apparel).
Prices have not eased for groceries, rising 10.3% YoY (up 1.3% MoM) as well as pet products, which rose 8.0% YoY (up 0.9% MoM)—record YoY highs for both categories.
In April, consumers spent $77.80 billion online, which represents modest growth at 4.5% YoY. Online spending in the US grew double digits at 12.2% YoY ($71.0 billion) in January, and 15.5% YoY ($67.0 billion) in February.
Consumer spending in April is also below the $83.08 billion spent in March, representing a 6.8% decline MoM or $5.28 billion. With rising interest rates and persistent inflation, consumers have pulled back spending on durable goods.
“As the cost of borrowing and economic uncertainty rises for consumers, we are beginning to see the early impact on both online inflation and spend. However, durable demand for eCommerce still drove over $77 billion dollars in spend last month, as consumers continue to embrace the ease of online shopping and more personalized customer experiences in the digital economy.”Patrick Brown, vice president of growth marketing and insights, Adobe
The Adobe DPI provides the most comprehensive view of how much consumers pay for goods online.
Powered by Adobe Analytics, it analyzes one trillion visits to retail sites and over 100 million SKUs across 18 product categories: electronics, apparel, appliances, books, toys, computers, groceries, furniture/bedding, tools/home improvement, home/garden, pet products, jewelry, medical equipment/supplies, sporting goods, personal care products, flowers/related gifts, non-prescription drug and office supplies.
In April, 13 of the 18 categories tracked by the DPI saw YoY price increases, with apparel rising the most. Price drops were observed in five categories: electronics, jewelry, books, toys, and computers.
8 of the 18 categories in the DPI saw price increases MoM. Price drops were observed across 10 categories including electronics, office supplies, jewelry, books, furniture/bedding, toys, home/garden, flowers/related gifts, computers, and apparel.
Notable Categories in the Adobe Digital Price Index for April
Electronics: Prices were down 5.2% YoY (down 0.9% MoM). This is the largest YoY drop for the category since November 2020 (In October 2020, prices were down 6.2% YoY). As the biggest category in eCommerce by share of spend, price movements have an outsized impact on overall inflation online.
Computers: Prices were down 5.7% YoY (down 0.7% MoM). This is the 16th consecutive month of deflation for the category, after rising 2.9% YoY in December 2020. The price decrease is still below historical levels, however, with computer prices dropping 9.2% YoY on average (from 2015 to 2019).
Apparel: Prices were up 12.3% YoY (down 1.7% MoM). While the category has now seen over a year of online inflation (13 months), there are signs that prices are beginning to ease. From November 2021 to March 2022, prices had increased by more than 15.7% YoY each month, well above the 12.3% YoY in April.
Groceries: Prices continued to surge and rose 10.3% YoY (up 1.3% MoM), setting another record high on an annual basis. This follows a 9.0% YoY increase in March, a 7.6% YoY increase in February, and a 5.8% YoY increase in January—all previous record highs. Groceries remain the only category to move in lockstep with the Consumer Price Index on a long-term basis, with online prices rising now for 27 consecutive months.
Pet Products: Prices were up 8.0% YoY (up 0.9% MoM), the highest increase for the category YoY. Online inflation for pet products has now been observed for two full years, with the previous high point in September 2020 (up 7.8% YoY).
Adobe Digital Price Index (DPI) Methodology
The DPI is modeled after the Consumer Price Index (CPI), published by the US Bureau of Labor Statistics, and uses the Fisher Price Index to track online prices. The Fisher Price Index uses quantities of matched products purchased in the current period (month) and a previous period (previous month) to calculate the price changes by category. Adobe’s analysis is weighted by the real quantities of the products purchased in the two adjacent months.
Powered by Adobe Analytics, Adobe uses a combination of Adobe Sensei, Adobe’s AI and machine learning framework, and manual effort to segment the products into the categories defined by the CPI manual. The methodology was first developed alongside renowned economists Austan Goolsbee and Pete Klenow.
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Editorial Note: This post is from a Company Press Release and may have been modified for clarity.